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The verb "to like"

Statements

Use the verb "to like", when you talk about things that you enjoy doing:
  • I like playing tennis.
  • You like going out to clubs.
  • He likes riding his bike.
  • We like going to the cinema.
  • They like watching TV.
As you see in the sentences above, you always use the form of the verb like + the ing-form of the following verb. The verb like always requires the ing-form when you talk about things you enjoy!
Instead of the verb like, you can also use the following verbs:
  • to enjoy
  • to love
  • to prefer
Note: They all require the ing-form:
  • He likes running.
  • He enjoys running.
  • He loves running.
  • He prefers running.
Of course you can also use the verb like with the infinitive of the following verb: He likes to run. But in British English, this means that he thinks it is good to run in order to keep in shape. It doesn't mean that he generally enjoys running.
The opposite of "to like" is "to dislike". It also requires the ing-form of the following verb:
  • He likes running but he dislikes swimming.
Instead of the verb dislike, you can also use the following verbs:
  • to hate: They hate playing boardgames.
  • can't stand: She can't stand listening to country music.
  • can't bear: He can't bear being alone.
Of course, you can also negate the verb to like instead of using a different verb:
  • They don't like playing boardgames.
  • She doesn't like listening to country music.
  • He doesn't like being alone.
Complete the sentences with the ing-form of the verb in brackets. For example: He likes _____ (play the guitar). He likes playing the guitar.

Das Verb "to like"

Aussagen

Benutze das Verb "to like", wenn du über Dinge sprichst, die du gerne tust:
  • I like playing tennis.
  • You like going out to clubs.
  • He likes riding his bike.
  • We like going to the cinema.
  • They like watching TV.
Wie du in den obenstehenden Sätzen siehst, benutzt du immer die Form des Verbs like + die ing-Form des darauffolgenden Verbs. Das Verb like erfordert die ing-Form, wenn du über Dinge sprichst, die du magst!
An Stelle des Verbs like kannst du auch die folgenden Verben gebrauchen:
  • to enjoy
  • to love
  • to prefer
Beachte: Sie alle erfordern die ing-Form:
  • He likes running.
  • He enjoys running
  • He loves running.
  • He prefers running.
Natürlich kannst du auch das Verb like mit dem Infinitiv des darauffolgenden Verbs benutzen: He likes to run. Im britischen Englisch bedeutet dies jedoch, dass derjenige denkt, es sei gut zu laufen, um fit zu bleiben. Es bedeutet nicht, dass er generell gerne läuft.
Das Gegenteil von "to like" ist "to dislike". Es erfordert ebenso die ing-Form des darauffolgenden Verbs:
  • He likes running but he dislikes swimming.
An Stelle des Verbs dislike kannst du auch folgende Verben gebrauchen:
  • to hate: They hate playing boardgames.
  • can't stand: She can't stand listening to country music.
  • can't bear: He can't bear being alone.
Natürlich kannst du das Verb to like auch verneinen, anstatt ein anderes Verb zu benutzen:
  • They don't like playing boardgames.
  • She doesn't like listening to country music.
  • He doesn't like being alone.
Vervollständige die Sätze mit der ing-Form des Verbs in Klammern. Zum Beispiel: He likes _____ (play the guitar). He likes playing the guitar.
 
 
  1. She doesn't like 
     (be on the computer).

     
  2. He likes 
     (read magazines).

     
  3. He doesn't like 
     (talk on the phone).

     
  4. They like 
     (go to restaurants).

     
  5. They don't like 
     (cook).

     
  6. She likes 
     (watch films).

     
 
 
 

Questions

When you pose a question with the verbs to like, to enjoy, to love, to hate, etc. they also require the ing-form of the following verb:
  • Do you like playing basketball?
  • Does he like watching movies?
  • Does she enjoy reading?
  • Do you love meeting people?
  • Do they hate cooking?

Fragen

Wenn du eine Frage stellst mit den Verben to like, to enjoy, to love, to hate etc., erfordern sie ebenfalls die ing-Form des folgenden Verbs:
  • Do you like playing basketball?
  • Does he like watching movies?
  • Does she enjoy reading?
  • Do you love meeting people?
  • Do they hate cooking?
 
Read the following answers and write the questions. Always use the same words as given in the answers. For example: __________? – No, he doesn't like reading. You write: Does he like reading? If you need help, read our grammar explanations on yes-no-questions.
Lies die folgenden Antworten und schreibe die Fragen dazu. Benutze immer dieselben Wörter, die in den Antworten gegeben sind. Zum Beispiel: __________? – No, he doesn't like reading. Du schreibst: Does he like reading? Wenn du Hilfe brauchst, lies unsere Grammatikerklärungen zu Entscheidungsfragen.
 
 
  1. ? – Yes, they prefer drinking wine.

     
  2. ? – Yes, she likes playing sports.

     
  3. ? – Yes, she likes playing the guitar.

     
  4. ? – Yes, they enjoy playing board games.

     
  5. ? – No, he doesn't hate going outside.

     
  6. ? – Yes, she enjoys horseback riding.

     
 
 
 
Remember: when you say that something (usually an action) is always the case, that someone has a habit or that somebody does something regularly, you use the simple present tense!
Statements: simple present or ing-form? Read the sentences and decide which form to use. Write them into the gaps. For example: He usually ____ (ride) his bike, but he doesn't like ____ (read). He usually rides his bike, but he doesn't like reading.
Weißt du noch: wenn du sagst, dass etwas (normalerweise eine Tätigkeit) immer der Fall ist, dass jemand eine Angewohnheit hat oder dass jemand etwas regelmäßig tut, dann benutzt du die einfache Form der Gegenwart (das Simple Present)!
Aussagen: Simple Present oder ing-Form? Lese die Sätze und entscheide, welche Form du gebrauchen musst. Schreibe sie in die Lücken. Zum Beispiel: He usually ____ (ride) his bike, but he doesn't like ____ (read). He usually rides his bike, but he doesn't like reading.
 
 
  1. Sarah's Dad doesn't like wine, he more enjoys 
     (drink) beer.
     
  2. Marc and Sarah always 
     (bring) some wine.
     
  3. Marc and Sarah often 
     (go) to a restaurant because they don't like 
     (cook).
     
  4. Because Sarah's Mum loves 
     (cook), she sometimes 
     (invite) Marc and Sarah for dinner.
     
  5. They all enjoy 
     (eat) together.
     
 
 
 
Read the following text. You can also listen to it. Then choose from the list below what Peter likes and what he doesn't like. Use the colour yellow for the things he likes and the colour orange for the things he doesn't like.
Peter has a new penpal. He introduces himself in his first e-mail. He writes:
Lies den folgenden Text. Du kannst ihn dir auch anhören. Wähle dann aus der unten stehenden Liste aus, was Peter mag und was er nicht mag. Benutze die gelbe Farbe für Dinge, die er mag und die orangene Farbe für Dinge, die er nicht mag.
Peter hat einen neuen Brieffreund. Er stellt sich ihm in seiner ersten E-Mail vor. Er schreibt:
 
"Hi Daniel. How are you? I'm fine. My name is Peter and I'm 16 years old. I come from London. In my free time, I do a lot of things. For example, I like playing the guitar and listening to music. I don't like reading though. I rather like playing games with my little brother and going outside. When I'm outside, I prefer riding my bike or playing football. Even though I like sports, I don't like playing volleyball or tennis. And I hate running! However, sometimes I like to go swimming. I also enjoy going to the city and meeting my friends. When I'm in the city, I can't stand sightseeing. What are your hobbies, Daniel? Do you like sports? Hope to hear from you soon! Take care, Peter."
 
 
 

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