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  • Present:
    (einfache Form der Gegenwart)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Tagebsabläufte, regelmäßige Ereignisse oder Tatsachen, Gefühle oder Zustände beschreiben
     
    Struktur
     
    • I/you/we/they + Infinitive
    • he/she/it + Infinitive + s
     
    Signalwörter
     
    always, never, often, seldom, rarely, sometimes, usually, normally, regularly, etc. every day, every week, every month, …
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I walk, she walks, they take, he takes
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I don’t walk, she doesn’t walk, they don’t take, he doesn’t take
     
    Fragen
     
    Do I walk? Does she walk? Do they take? Does he take?
     
     
  • Present: Present Progressive
    (Verlaufsform der Gegenwart)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Dinge beschreiben, die genau im Moment des Sprechens geschehen, oder die ausnahmsweise geschehen; über einen Plan sprechen, der in der nahen Zukunft ausgeführt wird
     
    Struktur
     
    am/are/is (simple present form of to be) + Infinitive + ing
     
    Signalwörter
     
    at the moment, right now, just, now, at present, currently, Look!
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I am walking, she is walking, they are taking, he is taking
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I am not walking, she isn't walking, they aren't taking, he isn't taking
     
    Fragen
     
    Am I walking? Is she walking? Are they taking? Is he taking?
     
     
  • Past: Simple Past
    (Einfache Form der Vergangenheit)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Über Dinge sprechen, die in der Vergangenheit passiert sind und die zum Zeitpunkt des Sprechens abgeschlossen oder vorbei sind
     
    Struktur
     
    • Regular verbs: Infinitive + ed
    • Irregular verbs: simple past form
     
    Signalwörter
     
    yesterday, the other day, in 2009, when, at that time two days ago, a week ago, a month ago, … last night, last week, last month, …
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I walked, she walked, they took, he took
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I didn't walk, she didn't walk, they didn't take, he didn't take
     
    Fragen
     
    Did I walk? Did she walk? Did they take? Did he take?
     
     
  • Past: Past Progressive
    (Verlaufsform der Vergangenheit)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Handlungen oder Dinge beschreiben, die in der Vergangenheit abgelaufen sind, auch wenn etwas anderes den Ablauf plötzlich unterbrach
     
    Struktur
     
    was/were (simple past form of to be) + Infinitive + ing
     
    Signalwörter
     
    while
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I was walking, she was walking, they were taking, he was taking
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I wasn't walking, she wasn't walking, they weren't taking, he wasn't taking
     
    Fragen
     
    Was I walking? Was she walking? Were they taking? Was he taking?
     
     
  • Past: Present Perfect Simple
    (vollendete Gegenwart)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Das Ergebnis von etwas betonen, über Dinge sprechen, die zu einem unbekannten Zeitpunkt in der Vergangenheit geschahen, Dinge beschreiben, die in der Vergangenheit begannen und zum Zeitpunkt des Sprechens noch nicht abgeschlossen sind
     
    Struktur
     
    have/has (simple present form of to have) + past participle
     
    Signalwörter
     
    since, for, already, yet, before, ever, never, still not, so far, just, up to now, recently, until now
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I have walked, she has walked, they have taken, he has taken
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I haven't walked, she hasn't walked, they haven't taken, he hasn't taken
     
    Fragen
     
    Have I walked? Has she walked? Have they taken? Has he taken?
     
     
  • Past: Present Perfect Progressive
    (Verlaufsform der vollendeten Vergangenheit)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Die Dauer von etwas betonen, Dinge beschreiben, die in der Vergangenheit begannen und zum Zeitpunkt des Sprechens immer noch andauern und/oder die Gegenwart beeinflussen
     
    Struktur
     
    have/has (simple present form of to have) + been + Infinitive + ing
     
    Signalwörter
     
    for, since, how long, all day, all day long, the whole day/week/month/year
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I have been walking, she has been walking, they have been taking, he has been taking
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I haven't been walking, she hasn't been walking, they haven't been taking, he hasn't been taking
     
    Fragen
     
    Have I been walking? Has she been walking? Have they been taking? Has he been taking?
     
     
  • Past: Past Perfect Simple
    (Vorvergangenheit)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Betonen, dass etwas in der Vergangenheit aufhörte oder vorbei war, als etwas anderes begann, die Tatsache beschreiben, dass etwas vor einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt geschah
     
    Struktur
     
    had (simple past form of to have) + past participle
     
    Signalwörter
     
    already, until that day, never, just
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I had walked, she had walked, they had taken, he had taken
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I hadn't walked, she hadn't walked, they hadn't taken, he hadn't taken
     
    Fragen
     
    Had I walked? Had she walked? Had they taken? Had he taken?
     
     
  • Past: Past Perfect Progressive
    (Verlaufsform der Vorvergangenheit)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Den Ablauf oder die Dauer von etwas beschreiben, Dinge beschreiben, die in der Vergangenheit geschahen und endeten oder die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Vergangenheit vorbei waren
     
    Struktur
     
    had (simple past form of to have) + been + Infinitive + ing
     
    Signalwörter
     
    for, since, how long, all day, after, before
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I had been walking, she had been walking, they had been taking, he had been taking
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I hadn't been walking, she hadn't been walking, they hadn't been taking, he hadn't been taking
     
    Fragen
     
    Had I been walking? Had she been walking? Had they been taking? Had he been taking?
     
     
  • Future: Will-Future
    (Zukunft)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Dinge beschreiben, die sicherlich in der Zukunft passieren werden, über Erwartungen, Hoffnungen, Annahmen oder spontane Entscheidungen sprechen
     
    Struktur
     
    will + Infinitive
     
    Signalwörter
     
    tomorrow, next week/month/year, in 2021, expect, believe, hope, suppose, think, probably
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I will walk, she will walk, they will take, he will take
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I won't walk, she won't walk, they won't take, he won't take
     
    Fragen
     
    Will I walk? Will she walk? Will they take? Will he take?
     
     
  • Future: Going-to-Future
    (Zukunft mit going to)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Zukünftige Pläne, Ziele und Folgen beschreiben, über Dinge sprechen, die in der nahen Zukunft passieren werden
     
    Struktur
     
    am/are/is (simple present form of to be) + going to + Infinitive
     
    Signalwörter
     
    tomorrow, next week/month/year, in 2011
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I am going to walk, she is going to walk, they are going to take, he is going to take
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I am not going to walk, she isn't going to walk, they aren't going to take, he isn't going to take
     
    Fragen
     
    Am I going to walk? Is she going to walk? Are they going to take? Is he going to take?
     
     
  • Future: Future Progressive
    (Verlaufsform der Zukunft)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Dinge beschreiben, die zukünftig ablaufen werden, über Dinge sprechen, die normalerweise in der Zukunft geschehen
     
    Struktur
     
    will + be + Infinitive + ing
     
    Signalwörter
     
    tomorrow, next week/month/year, in 2041
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I will be walking, she will be walking, they will be taking, he will be taking
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I won't be walking, she won't be walking, they won't be taking, he won't be taking
     
    Fragen
     
    Will I be walking? Will she be walking? Will they be taking? Will he be taking?
     
     
  • Future: Future Perfect
    (vollendete Zukunft)

     
     
    Gebrauch
     
    Über Dinge sprechen, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft abgeschlossen oder vorbei sein werden
     
    Struktur
     
    will + have + past participle
     
    Signalwörter
     
    until, before by the end of the day, by the end of the week, by the end of the month, …
     
    Bejahte Aussage
     
    I will have walked, she will have walked, they will have taken, he will have taken
     
    Verneinte Aussage
     
    I won't have walked, she won't have walked, they won't have taken, he won't have taken
     
    Fragen
     
    Will I have walked? Will she have walked? Will they have taken? Will he have taken?
     
     
 
 
Take a look at the following examples:
Sieh dir die folgenden Beispiele an:
  • I was listening to music peacefully when you interrupted me with your quarrelling.
  • Mary called me on the phone while she was taking out the dog.
  • What was it you were doing at that time?
In the exercise below you can test your understanding of the past progressive. Put the words in brackets into the past progressive!
For example:
  • Toby _____ the dishes, when Marc suddenly entered the room. (to wash)
  • Toby was washing the dishes, when Marc suddenly entered the room.
In der nachfolgenden Übung kannst du dein Verständnis für das Past Progressive testen. Setze die Wörter in Klammern ins Past Progressive!
Zum Beispiel:
  • Toby _____ the dishes, when Marc suddenly entered the room. (to wash)
  • Toby was washing the dishes, when Marc suddenly entered the room.
 
 
  1. Jim 
     if everything is fine with the baby. (to ask)

     
  2.  a piece of cake. (to eat)

     
  3. At that moment, Martha 
     a book in her room. (to read)

     
  4. They said a big storm 
     . (to approach)

     
  5. Mr and Mrs Wallace 
     in their car. (to drive)

     
 
 
 
Now let's do something a little bit more difficult! In the second exercise, you will have to choose between simple past and past progressive. Think about what you read above and decide which tense would be better in the context!
Jetzt lasst uns etwas Schwierigeres versuchen! In der zweiten Übung musst du zwischen Simple Past und Past Progressive wählen. Denke daran, was du weiter oben gelesen hast und entscheide dann, welche Zeitform besser in den Kontext passt!
 
 
  1. Paul 
     a huge Bob Dylan fan.

     
  2. I really 
     listening to music when I was a kid.

     
  3.  to read the newspapers, but my little brother kept interrupting me all the time.

     
  4. I always 
     go to school by bus when I was a child.

     
  5. The music 
     far to loud, when finally someone turned it down.

     
  6. Andrew 
     to his best friend on the phone, when I knocked on the door.

     
 
 
 
 

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