The verb "to be"

Verbs are words that describe an action or a state. For example: to go, to run, to be, to have.
The verb "to be" is the most important verb in the English language. These are the forms of the verb "to be":
Singular:
  • I am
  • You are
  • He, She, It is
Plural:
  • We are
  • You are
  • They are

Das Verb "to be"

Verben sind Wörter, die eine Handlung oder einen Zustand beschreiben. Zum Beispiel: gehen, rennen, sein, haben
Das Verb "to be" ist das wichtigste Verb der englischen Sprache. Dies sind die Formen des Verbs "to be":
Singular:
  • I am
  • You are
  • He, She, It is
Plural:
  • We are
  • You are
  • They are
 
Choose the correct form of "to be":
Wähle die richtige Form von "to be":
 
 
  1. We 
     not hungry.

     
  2.  you hungry?

     
  3. They 
     tired.

     
  4. He 
     on the plane.

     
  5.  thirsty.

     
 
 
 

The positive short forms of "to be"

You can shorten the forms of "to be":
Singular:
  • I am = I'm
  • You are = You're
  • He is = He's/ She is = She's/ It is = It's
Plural:
  • We are = We're
  • You are = You're
  • They are = They're
Du kannst die Formen des Verbs "to be" auch kürzen:
Einzahl:
  • I am = I’m
  • You are = You’re
  • He is = He’s/ She is = She’s/ It is = It’s
Mehrzahl:
  • We are = We’re
  • You are = You’re
  • They are = They’re
 
Write the short form of "to be". Don't forget the apostrophe '.
Schreibe die Kurzform von "to be". Vergiss nicht das Apostroph '.
 
 
  1. He
     on the plane.

     
  2. We
     not hungry.

     
  3. They
     tired.

     
  4. I
     thirsty.

     
 
 
 
When you use the forms of "to be" is, am, are, you make a general statement. To negate that statement, you must add "not". It comes after the form of "to be:"
  • I am not
  • You are not
  • She is not
  • We are not
  • You are not
  • They are not
Wenn du die Formen von "to be" benutzt is, am, are, machst du eine allgemeine Aussage. Um diese zu verneinen, musst du das Wort "not" hinzufügen. Es steht hinter der Form von "to be:"
  • I am not
  • You are not
  • She is not
  • We are not
  • You are not
  • They are not
 
Practise the position of the word "not". Decide where it must go.
Übe die Stellung des Wortes "not". Entscheide, wo es stehen muss:
 
 
  1. He 
     a girl.

     
  2.  a boy.

     
  3. They 
     in a car.

     
  4. We 
     on a train.

     
 
 
 

The negative short forms of "to be": is and are

  • are not = aren't
  • is not = isn't
Note: The form "I am not" cannot be shortened!
Du kannst auch die verneinten Formen von "to be" kürzen:
  • are not = aren't
  • is not = isn't
  • am not = am not
Beachte: Die Form "I am not" kann nicht gekürzt werden!
 
Practise the negative short forms of "to be". Write them into the gaps:
Übe die verneinten Kurzformen von "to be". Schreibe sie in die Lücken:
 
 
  1. She 
     (is not) hungry.

     
  2. We 
     (are not) hungry.

     
  3. They 
     (are not) thirsty.

     
  4.  (am not) hungry.

     
 
 
 
Fill in the gaps with the forms of "to be (am, is, are)".
Lies den Text. Fülle die Lücken mit den Formen von "to be" aus.
 
 
  • Pedro 
     on the plane. He says: "I 
     thirsty. The stewardess gives him a can of Coke. Anna and Maria are also thirsty. Their drinks 
     two glasses of water. They 
     not hungry.
     
 
 
 
 

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