The English alphabet

The English alphabet consists of 26 letters:
  • uppercase or capital letters: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z;
  • lowercase or sentence case letters: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z.

Das englische Alphabet

Das englische Alphabet besteht aus 26 Buchstaben:
  • Großbuchstaben: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z;
  • Kleinbuchstaben: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z.
The phonetic transcriptions of these letters are always put into squared brackets [ ] and use letters and symbols from the International Phonetic Alphabet. The IPA is used to tell you the pronunciation of a letter or a word. The symbol ":" means that you pronounce the vowel long.
What you see in these brackets [] is only how you pronounce the letter on its own (for example when you spell a word or say the alphabet).
Within a word, you sometimes pronounce a letter differently.
Listen to the pronunciation and the spelling of words that start with the letters from the alphabet.
Die phonetische Transkription der Buchstaben steht immer in eckigen Klammern [ ] und besteht aus den Buchstaben und Symbolen des Internationalen Phonetischen Alphabets. Das IPA gibt dir genau an, wie ein Buchstabe oder ein Wort ausgesprochen wird. Das Zeichen ":" bedeutet, dass du den Vokal davor lange aussprichst.
Was du in diesen Klammern [ ] siehst, ist die Lautschrift jedes einzelnen Buchstabens (wenn du ein Wort buchstabierst oder das Alphabet aufsagst).
Innerhalb eines Wortes spricht man den Buchstaben manchmal anders aus.
Höre dir die Aussprache und die Schreibweise von Wörtern an, die mit den Buchstaben des Alphabets beginnen.


  • A [eɪ]
    • a-n-d
    • a-f-t-e-r
    • a-p-p-l-e
  • B [biː]
    • b-a-n-a-n-a
    • b-a-t-h-r-o-o-m
    • b-o-y
  • C [siː]
    • c-a-r
    • c-o-a-t
    • c-o-l-o-u-r
  • D [diː]
    • d-o-g
    • d-r-e-a-m
    • d-o-l-l-a-r
  • E [iː]
    • e-l-e-p-h-a-n-t
    • e-y-e
    • e-x-t-r-e-m-e
  • F [ɛf]
    • f-i-n-g-e-r
    • f-o-u-r
    • f-i-r-e
  • G [dʒiː]
    • g-i-r-a-f-f-e
    • g-i-r-l
    • g-r-e-e-n
  • H [eɪtʃ]
    • h-o-t-e-l
    • h-a-p-p-y
    • h-o-l-i-d-a-y
  • I [aɪ]
    • i-m-a-g-e
    • i-s-l-a-n-d
    • I-n-d-i-a-n-a
  • J [dʒeɪ]
    • j-u-n-g-l-e
    • j-o-l-l-y
    • J-o-s-e-p-h-i-n-e
  • K [keɪ]
    • k-a-n-g-a-r-o-o
    • k-o-a-l-a
    • k-a-r-a-t-e
  • L [ɛl]
    • l-o-w
    • l-e-v-e-l
    • l-i-o-n
  • M [ɛm]
    • m-o-t-h-e-r
    • m-o-m-e-n-t
    • m-e-s-s
  • N [ɛn]
    • n-o
    • n-i-g-h-t
    • n-o-o-n
  • O [oʊ]
    • o-l-d
    • o-b-j-e-c-t
    • o-a-t
  • P [piː]
    • p-e-n-g-u-i-n-e
    • p-i-a-n-o
    • p-a-c-k-e-t
  • Q [kjuː]
    • q-u-i-e-t
    • Q-u-e-e-n
    • q-u-o-t-e
  • R [ɑr]
    • r-e-d
    • r-i-g-h-t
    • r-a-b-b-i-t
  • S [ɛs]
    • s-t-r-o-n-g
    • s-e-v-e-n
    • s-i-l-v-e-r
  • T [tiː]
    • t-e-a
    • t-h-o-u-s-a-n-d
    • t-w-o
  • U [juː]
    • u-s-e
    • u-n-f-a-i-r
    • u-n-d-e-r
  • V [viː]
    • v-a-c-a-t-i-o-n
    • v-e-r-y
    • v-a-m-p-i-r-e
  • W [ˈdʌbəl juː] say: double-ju
    • w-e-s-t
    • w-o-r-m
    • w-h-i-t-e
  • X [ɛks]
    • X-r-a-y
    • x-y-l-o-p-h-o-n-e
    • X-m-a-s
  • Y [waɪ]
    • y-a-r-d
    • y-e-l-l-o-w
    • y-e-a-h
  • Z [ziː] in American English, [zɛd] in British English
    • z-e-r-o
    • z-e-b-r-a
    • z-i-l-l-i-o-n
  • A = [eɪ] (a-n-d, a-f-t-e-r, a-p-p-l-e)
  • B = [biː] (b-a-n-a-n-a, b-a-t-h-r-o-o-m, b-o-y)
  • C = [siː] (c-a-r, c-o-a-t, c-o-l-o-u-r)
  • D = [diː] (d-o-g, d-r-e-a-m, d-o-l-l-a-r)
  • E = [iː] (e-l-e-p-h-a-n-t, e-y-e, e-x-t-r-e-m-e)
  • F = [ɛf] (f-i-n-g-e-r, f-o-u-r, f-i-r-e)
  • G = [dʒiː] (g-i-r-a-f-f-e, g-i-r-l, g-r-e-e-n)
  • H = [eɪtʃ] (h-o-t-e-l, h-a-p-p-y, h-o-l-i-d-a-y)
  • I = [aɪ] (i-m-a-g-e, i-s-l-a-n-d, I-n-d-i-a-n-a)
  • J = [dʒeɪ] (j-u-n-g-l-e, j-o-l-l-y, J-o-s-e-p-h-i-n-e)
  • K = [keɪ] (k-a-n-g-a-r-o-o, k-o-a-l-a, k-a-r-a-t-e)
  • L = [ɛl] (l-o-w, l-e-v-e-l, l-i-o-n)
  • M = [ɛm] (m-o-t-h-e-r, m-o-m-e-n-t, m-e-s-s)
  • N = [ɛn] (n-o, n-i-g-h-t, n-o-o-n)
  • O = [oʊ] (o-l-d, o-b-j-e-c-t, o-a-t)
  • P = [piː] (p-e-n-g-u-i-n-e, p-i-a-n-o, p-a-c-k-e-t)
  • Q = [kjuː] (q-u-i-e-t, Q-u-e-e-n, q-u-o-t-e)
  • R = [ɑr] (r-e-d, r-i-g-h-t, r-a-b-b-i-t)
  • S = [ɛs] (s-t-r-o-n-g, s-e-v-e-n, s-i-l-v-e-r)
  • T = [tiː] (t-e-a, t-h-o-u-s-a-n-d, t-w-o)
  • U = [juː] (u-s-e, u-n-f-a-i-r, u-n-d-e-r)
  • V = [viː] (v-a-c-a-t-i-o-n, v-e-r-y, v-a-m-p-i-r-e)
  • W = [ˈdʌbəl juː] say: double-ju (w-e-s-t, w-o-r-m, w-h-i-t-e)
  • X = [ɛks] (X-r-a-y, x-y-l-o-p-h-o-n-e, X-m-a-s)
  • Y = [waɪ] (y-a-r-d, y-e-l-l-o-w, y-e-a-h)
  • Z = [zɛd] in British English, [ziː] in American English (z-e-r-o, z-e-b-r-a, z-i-l-l-i-o-n)
Spell the following words. That means: pronounce every single letter on its own. Afterwards you can listen to the correct spelling.
Buchstabiere die folgenden Wörter. Das bedeutet: sprich jeden Buchstaben einzeln aus. Danach kannst du dir das korrekte Buchstabieren anhören.
  • man
  • women
  • girl
  • car
  • where
  • hungry
  • pilot
  • eight
Imagine you are on holiday and would like to check into a hotel. The receptionist asks "What's your name?". You tell them your name and they ask "How do you spell that?". In this situation you will have to pronounce every single letter, in the same way as it is displayed above. Here you can listen to a sample solution.
Stell dir vor, du machst Urlaub und möchtest im Hotel einchecken. Du wirst gefragt "Wie heißen Sie?". Du sagst deinen Namen und der Mann fragt "Wie buchstabiert man das?". In dieser Situation musst du jeden einzelnen Buchstaben aussprechen, wie es oben dargestellt ist. Du kannst dir hier eine Musterlösung anhören.
 
 

The English Alphabet: The Video

 
 
 

The Alphabet Song

 

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