The Simple Present tense

Die einfache Form der Gegenwart (Präsens)

 

Use

You use the simple present in two situations:
1. You use it to say that something (usually an action) is a regular routine, event or a fact:
  • You always have lunch at 12.30 pm.
  • It always does that.
  • You never tell us about your parents.
  • He sometimes calls me "Honey".
  • We usually go to the cinema on the weekend.
All these sentences have special adverbials of frequency like always, never, seldom, rarely, every day, every week, every month, every year, sometimes, usually, normally, regularly, etc. These words often appear with and are an indicator of the simple present!
Be careful with the position of the adverbial: it comes before a main verb like eat, have, like, meet, see, come, call, go, but after the verb "to be":
  • He always comes late. BUT He is always late.
  • She never calls me back. BUT She is never at home when I call her.
  • They sometimes come over to our place. BUT We are never at their place.
Also, there is one more exception: adverbials with every like every morning, every night, every day, every week, every month, every year, every time, … are placed at the end of the sentence:
  • We meet our friends every weekend.
  • They have dinner at 6.30 pm every night.
  • He eats breakfast at 8 o'clock every morning.
2. You use the simple present to talk about a fact or a state like feelings, likes and dislikes that are true for a longer period of time:
  • We live in New York.
  • He hates vegetables.
  • I love you.
  • My English teacher is very nice.
  • She likes chocolate.
  • The dog is 5 years old.
  • Her name is Anna.
  • They have two cats.

Gebrauch

Du gebrauchst das Simple Present in zwei Situationen:
1. Du benutzt es, um zu sagen, dass etwas (normalerweise eine Aktion) ein regelmäßiger Ablauf, ein regelmäßiges Ereignis oder eine Tatsache ist:
  • You always have lunch at 12.30 pm.
  • It always does that.
  • You never tell us about your parents.
  • He sometimes calls me "Honey".
  • We usually go to the cinema on the weekend.
All diese Sätze beinhalten besondere Adverbien der Häufigkeit wie always, never, seldom, rarely, every day, every week, every month, every year, sometimes, usually, normally, regularly, etc. Diese Wörter erscheinen oft in Verbindung mit dem Simple Present und sind ein Kennzeichen für diese Zeitform!
Beachte die Stellung des Adverbs: es steht vor einem Hauptverb wie eat, have, like, meet, see, come, call, go, aber nach dem Verb "to be":
  • He always comes late. ABER He is always late.
  • She never calls me back. ABER She is never at home when I call her.
  • They sometimes come over to our place. ABER We are never at their place.
Es gibt außerdem eine weitere Ausnahme: Adverbien mit every wie every morning, every night, every day, every week, every month, every year, every time, … werden an das Satzende gestellt:
  • We meet our friends every weekend.
  • They have dinner at 6.30 pm every night.
  • He eats breakfast at 8 o'clock every morning.
2. Du benutzt das Simple Present, um über eine Tatsache oder einen Zustand wie Gefühle, Vorlieben und Abneigungen, zu sprechen, die für einen längeren Zeitraum der Fall sind:
  • We live in New York.
  • He hates vegetables.
  • I love you.
  • My English teacher is very nice.
  • She likes chocolate.
  • The dog is 5 years old.
  • Her name is Anna.
  • They have two cats.
 
Take a look at the daily routine of the Fernandez family. Then complete the exercise below. Fill in the first gap with the correct day of the week. Then fill in the second gap with the simple present form of the verb (in brackets). For example: On ____ afternoon, she ___ (play) volleyball. On Tuesday afternoon, she plays volleyball. To read again how to form the simple present, click here.
Schaue dir den Alltag der Familie Fernandez an. Dann vervollständige die unten stehende Übung. Fülle die jeweils erste Lücke mit dem richtigen Wochentag aus. Dann fülle die jeweils zweite Lücke mit dem Verb (in Klammern) in der Zeit des Simple Present aus. Zum Beispiel: On ____ afternoon, she ___ (play) volleyball. On Tuesday afternoon, she plays volleyball. Um noch einmal nachzulesen, wie das Simple Present gebildet wird, klicke hier.
 
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday
family breakfast at 7 am Maria art class at 4 pm Anna with her friends at 3 pm Anna late school start at 10 am
school bus at 7.45 am Pedro swims in the evening Pedro's favourite TV show at 7 pm family cinema at 8 pm
 
 
  1.  On 
     afternoon, Maria 
     (have) an art class.
     
  2.  On 
     evening, Pedro 
     (like) going to the indoor swimming pool.
     
  3.  On
     morning, Anna and Pedro 
     (go) to school at 7.45 am.
     
  4.  On 
     evening, they often 
     (go) to the cinema together.
     
  5.  On 
     morning, Anna 
     (leave) late for school.
     
  6.  On 
     evening, Pedro usually 
     (watch) his favourite TV show.
     
  7.  Every 
     morning, they 
     (have) breakfast together.
     
  8.  On 
     afternoon, Anna sometimes 
     (meet) her friends.
     
 
 
 
daily-routine
Listen to the audio file. Then match the times with the actions using Drag and Drop.
 
daily-routine
Höre dir die Audiodatei an. Dann ordne per Drag and Drop den Wochentagen die Tätigkeiten zu.
 
 
 
 
  • relax at home
     
  • go to the gym
     
  • visit parents
     
  • work late
     
  • business meeting
     
  • meet my friend Bill
     
  • go out to clubs
     
  • On Monday
     
  • On Tuesday afternoon
     
  • On Wednesday morning
     
  • On Thursday night
     
  • On Friday night
     
  • On Saturday
     
  • On Sunday
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
Well done, you have finished learning the simple present.
Gut gemacht, du hast das Simple Present vollständig gelernt.
 

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