Type III

Conditional sentences of the third type are used to describe conditions in the past. If something had been the case, the present state of things would be different now. The third type always refers to the past and can never become real.
If-clause in the past perfect + main clause with "would/could/might" + "have" + past participle
Take a look at the following examples to get an impression of how this sentence type functions!


Mit Bedingungssätzen des dritten Typs beschreibt man Bedingungen in der Vergangenheit. Wenn etwas Bestimmtes der Fall gewesen wäre, wären die Dinge in der Gegenwart jetzt anders. Der dritte Typ bezieht sich immer auf die Vergangenheit und kann niemals mehr Realität werden.
If-Satz im Past Perfect + Haupsatz mit "would/could/might" + "have" + Partizip Perfekt
Sieh dir die folgenden Beispiele an, um einen Eindruck davon zu bekommen, wie der dritte Typ funktioniert!
If I had not left so early, I would have been able to see it myself. (But I left early and I did not see it myself.)
If it had not rained all day, we would have gone on a bike tour. (But it rained all day and we did not go on a bike tour.)
If Martha had told me that before, I could have been there at the right time. (But she did not tell me, and I was too late.)
Now try that out yourself. In the exercise below, you always get two sentences and you have to combine them into one, using a conditional sentence type three. Good luck!
Jetzt sollst du das selbst mal ausprobieren! In der nachfolgenden Übung bekommst du immer zwei Sätze, die du zu einem kombinieren musst, indem du einen Bedingungssatz Typ III benutzt. Viel Glück damit!
  1. Tom did not call me. I was not there.
  2. I did not know how to drive. I did not go there by car.
  3. The baby cried all night. I overslept.
  4. I did not hurry at breakfast. I missed the bus.
  5. I did not go to the shop. We don't have enough milk.
  6. I brought an umbrella. I did not get wet.

Weiterlernen ...