Time Markers and Pronouns

Change of Pronouns

If you want to transform direct speech into reported speech, you have to change all pronouns. Pronouns are words like I, you, he, she, it, my, your, their and so on.

Zeitangaben und Pronomen

Veränderung der Pronomen

Wenn du Direkte Rede in Indirekte Rede verwandeln willst, musst du alle Pronomen verändern. Pronomen sind Wörter wie I, you, he, she, it, my, your, their und so weiter.
Lisa: "Can I borrow your pen? I left my pen at home." Lisa asked Tim whether she could borrow his pencil. She said she had left her pen at home.

Change of Time Markers

If the direct speech contains a time marker you have to be careful. If it is a concrete point in time, for example a date or a year ("October 11th" or "In 1999") nothing changes. But if it is a time marker that depends on the speaker's point of view, you have to change it. Such time markers are for example: today, tomorrow, last week, next Sunday.

Veränderung von Zeitangaben

Wenn ein Satz in Direkter Rede eine Zeitangabe enthält, dann musst du vorsichtig sein. Falls es sich um einen bestimmten Zeitpunkt handelt, zum Beispiel ein Datum oder ein Jahr ("October the 11th" oder "In 1999"), dann verändert sich nichts. Aber wenn es eine Zeitangabe ist, die vom Standpunkt des Betrachters abhängt, dann musst du sie verändern. Solche Zeitangaben sind zum Beispiel: today, tomorrow, last week, next Sunday.
  • now then, at that time
  • today that day
  • yesterday the day before
  • (a week) ago (a week) before
  • tomorrow the following/next day
Anne: "I met my uncle on the street yesterday." Anne told me she had met her uncle on the street the day before.
Jason: "I am going on a trip to Egypt next month." Jason said he was going on a trip to Egypt the following month.
Now try out the exercise and choose the correct answer!
Jetzt solltest du die Übung ausprobieren. Wähle die richtige Antwort!
 
  1. Zoe: "I want to go to the pool tomorrow."
     
    • Zoe said she wanted to go to the pool the next day.
       
    • Zoe said she wanted to go to school tomorrow.
       
    • Zoe said she wanted to go the pool yesterday.
       
  2. John: "Did you go to school yesterday, Leon?"
     
    • John asked Leon whether he had gone to school the day before.
       
    • John asked Leon whether he had gone to school yesterday.
       
    • John asked Leon whether he had gone to school last week.
       
  3. Ben: "I like your shoes."
     
    • Ben says he likes his shoes.
       
    • Ben says he likes my shoes.
       
    • Ben says I like his shoes.
       
  4. Lisa: "This is my boyfriend."
     
    • Lisa says that this is her boyfriend.
       
    • Lisa says that this is my boyfriend.
       
    • Lisa says that this is his boyfriend.
       
  5. Tim: "Which one is yours?"
     
    • Tim asked me which one was mine.
       
    • Tim asked me which one was his.
       
    • Tim asked me which one was yours.
       
 
 
 

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